معنى التقويم. ما هو التقويم التربوي ؟ أهميته ؟ معاييره ؟ و أنواعه ؟

"Developing the theory of formative assessment"
British Educational Research Association Annual Conference, University of Leeds, September 13—15, 2001 ETS Invitational Conference The Future of Assessment: Shaping Teaching and Learning, New York, October 10—11, 2005

The Handbook of Educational Linguistics.

19
مفهوم التقييم والتقويم
"Formative assessment: getting the focus right"
تقويم تكويني
Black, Paul; Wiliam, Dylan 2009
ما معنى التقويم المرحلي
In Spolsky, Bernard; Hult, Francis M
American Educational Research Association monograph series on evaluation, no Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability

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تقويم تكويني
مفهوم التقويم والقياس
ما هو التقويم الفارسي